Metaphor is one of the figurative language types that we mentioned in our last post.  It’s basically a figure of speech that constructs an analogy between two things or ideas.  Metaphor conveys the analogy by using a metaphorical word in place of some other word. For example: “Her eyes were glistening jewels.”  Metaphors compare things without using “like” or “as.”

In essence, metaphors are comparisons that show how two things that are not alike in most ways are similar in one important way. describes metaphor this way:

…a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in “A mighty fortress is our God.”

In the example above, God is not literally a large fort or fortified town, but His attributes are like a fortress for us.  In Him, we are protected and supported as if in a fortress.

There are actually three or more metaphoric subtypes, simile (SIM-a-lee), apostrophe (a-POS-tro-fee) and personification.  We can talk about these in future posts.

For now, try using basic metaphor in a song.  Compare things or ideas without using the words “like” and “as”.

I’m sure you’ll find this assignment to be a breeze. 🙂


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